What is hand pain?
Hand pain is an unpleasant sensation in the joints and tissues of the hand or fingers. It can be depicted as pulsating, aching, increased warmth, prickling, irritation and inflexibility.
The hand is composed of nerves, bones, bloodvessels, muscles, tendons and skin. Each part has its specific function such as nerves transfer sensation, joints control movements, blood vessels maintain circulation, muscles provides motion, tendons anchor the muscles to the bones and skinreceives sensations.
Injury or inflammation of any of these structures, due to a disorder or disease condition, may produce hand pain. Even compression of the nerves supplying these structures may cause hand pain.
What are the causes of hand pain?
The conditions and disorders that frequently play a role in hand pain are:
- Accidental injury and trauma
- Serious infections in the blood (Septicaemia)
- Fracture of the hand bones
- Nerve compression
- Incident of conditions such as tenosynovitis and carpal tunnel syndrome
- Strains in muscles and ligaments
- Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis
- Suffering from diabetes and peripheral neuropathy
- Tedious lifting, twisting or gripping
- Long-term use of keyboards
Treatment of hand pain
Hand pain can be treated normally by resting the hand, medications, bracing, heat or ice application, compression, stretching and strengthening exercises, and by treating the underlying cause or condition. In cases of chronic hand painunresponsive to conservative treatment measures, hand surgery may be recommended.